Tuesday 30 January 2024

Tuesday 30th January

Waders were well scrutinised for colour rings over high tide, Oystercatcher will be on the move north soon. Selected counts from the estuary included 102 Bar-tailed Godwit, 70 Knot, 56 Shelduck, 32 Ringed Plover, 27 Sanderling and a Red-breasted Merganser.

Elsewhere the first Little Grebe since the short freeze was back on the Main Pond with seven Shoveler and four Teal, with 19 Red-throated Diver, through and in the bay at dawn.

Other Wildlife: A Grey Seal was in the estuary with a Devil's Coach Horse Ocypus olens, 25mm of elite predator under driftwood. 

Devil's Coach Horse - both Alan Keatley

Monday 29 January 2024

Monday 29th January

A 1hr 30m seawatch first thing saw 547 auk sp. head SW across the bay along with 262 Kittiwake and 11 Red-throated Diver.

Counts from the estuary included c1765 Dunlin, 436 Dark and a Pale-bellied Brent Geese, 188 Teal, 162 Grey and 17 Ringed Plover, 133 Bar-tailed Godwit, 93 Redshank, 87 Common and two Mediterranean Gull, 62 Knot, 14 Curlew, 11 Wigeon, seven Sanderling, five Eider, five Red-breasted Merganser, two Greenshank and a ♀ Goldeneye in Shutterton Creek.

Dark-bellied Brent Geese - Alan Keatley

Elsewhere the year's Great Spotted Woodpecker was on the Golf Course with a Siskin overhead, five Shoveler on the Main Pond with two Goldcrest and a Chiffchaff in the bushes.

Skylark - Alan Keatley

Year list addition:

101. Great Spotted Woodpecker

Other Wildlife: A fairly dull day subdued any insect activity with a Seven-spot Ladybird being the bright spot. A marsh beetle Contracyphon sp. under bark could not to identified to species in the field, but would probably be new for site. The Grey Squirrel was in the Entrance Bushes.

Seven-spot Ladybird - Alan Keatley

Sunday 28 January 2024

Sunday 28th January

A remarkable movement of at least 73 Red-throated Diver SW during a 1h 20m seawatch from first light, some landing in the bay, but most moving through. The second highest count following 76 on 2nd March 2014. Also offshore 97 Kittiwake, 14 Pintail, nine Wigeon, five Common Scoter, two Fulmar and a Great Northern Diver.

Counts from the estuary included a winter high 401 Dark-bellied Brent Geese moving between fields at Eastdon and the Recording Area, with the presumed hybrid and single Pale-bellied Brent Goose. The wader roosts were again disturbed with no accurate counts possible, wildfowl included 170 Teal, 54 Shelduck, 14 Wigeon, the nine Eider, four Red-breasted Merganser, a ♂ Pintail and the year's first Mute Swan!

Elsewhere four Shoveler were on the Main Pond, two Chiffchaff and a Goldcrest were in the bushes and a small arrival of Meadow Pipit with 19 counted on site, showed spring is on it's way.

Year list addition:

100. Mute Swan

Saturday 27 January 2024

Saturday 27th January

The juvenile Spoonbill again roosted on Finger Point at high tide, unperturbed by the hunting Sparrowhawk that kept the wader flocks mobile, many eventually settling on the railway embankment at Cockwood. Counts from the estuary included 279 Dark and a Pale-bellied Brent Geese, 216 Teal, 157 Grey and 33 Ringed Plover, 131 Bar-tailed Godwit, 117 Knot, 104 Curlew, 101 Redshank, 18 Wigeon, nine Eider, two Mediterranean Gull, two Red-breasted Merganser and the Avocet.

Elsewhere 42 Great Crested Grebe, five Great Northern and four Red-throated Diver were offshore, a flock of 13 Pintail circled the bay before entering estuary, six Shoveler were on the Main Pond, with two Goldcrest in the bushes and Green Woodpecker, Kestrel and at least four singing male Cirl Bunting on site. 

Friday 26 January 2024

Friday 26th January

Offshore 144 Kittiwake flew SW in 30 minutes first light, with 49 roosting Great Crested Grebe, four Great Northern and two Red-throated Diver.

A pair of Goldeneye were in Shutterton Creek, with the Avocet, a Jack Snipe and the year's first Water Pipit in the saltmarsh (no access). Also in the estuary 348 Dark-bellied Brent Geese, 102 Teal, 75 Shelduck, 61 Turnstone, 15 Wigeon, a winter high 15 Red-breasted Merganser, 14 Ringed Plover, 13 Sanderling and an adult Mediterranean Gull, with the nine Eider also present.

Elsewhere four Shoveler were on Main Pond, single Goldcrest and Chiffchaff in the bushes and a lone Siskin overhead.

Year list addition:

99. Water Pipit

Other Wildlife: The first Grey Seal of the year was in the estuary, the removal of their favoured haul out barge has reduced records at this end of the estuary.

Wednesday 24 January 2024

Wednesday 24th January

A generally quiet middle of the day visit saw a Great Northern Diver off Langstone Rock with 27 Dark-bellied Brent Geese feeding there at low tide with another 66 on the estuary mudflats. 

Two Goldcrest were noted in the bushes with three Shoveler on the Main Pond. 

Goldcrest - Alan Keatley

Other Wildlife: Insects were also keeping their heads down despite the warming conditions, the cranefly Symplecta stictica was on the wing, but other discoveries were under wood including Blue Willow Beetle Phratora vulgatissima, Common Earwig and a few Greenhouse Slug Ambigolmax valentianus.

Symplecta stictica - Alan Keatley

Greenhouse Slug Ambigolmax valentianus - Alan Keatley

Tuesday 23 January 2024

Tuesday 23rd January

A juvenile Spoonbill feeding off Cockwood at low tide was the only news received. 

Monday 22 January 2024

Monday 22nd January

Early morning saw another large auk movement SW across the bay with 2502 clicked through in 1hr 20 mins, a small sample suggested another roughly even split. Also passing 108 Kittiwake, 56 Gannet, nine Red-throated and five Great Northern Diver, three Common Scoter, three Fulmar and a ♀ Red-breasted Merganser. The year's first Egyptian Goose was watched entering the estuary from Exmouth. 

The single Avocet and Pale-bellied Brent Goose were in the estuary with counts of 177 Teal, 89 Shelduck, 57 Turnstone, 35 Wigeon and two ♀ Red-breasted Merganser.

Elsewhere nine Eider were offshore, an immature male replacing one of the females, five Shoveler were on the Main Pond with five Chiffchaff and two Goldcrest in the bushes.

Year list addition:

98. Egyptian Goose

Sunday 21 January 2024

Sunday 21st January

Seawatching from 1hr 45 minutes from first light saw the following heading, SW, 544 auk sp., 200 Gannet, 43 Kittiwake, seven Common Scoter, seven Red-throated and three Great Northern Diver, three Fulmar, three Red-breasted Merganser and the year's first Golden Plover flew in off the sea with a Turnstone.

The juvenile Spoonbill was again in the estuary with the Pale-bellied Brent Goose and a possible hybrid/intergrade Dark/Pale-belled Brent amongst the 311 Dark-bellied Brent Geese, 241 Teal, 95 Shelduck, 50 Wigeon, two Eider, a pair of Red-breasted Merganser by the Wreck and an adult Mediterranean Gull and a grey Muscovy Duck in the saltmarsh.

The monthly WeBS count was on a neap tide so wader counts were much reduced with just 802 Dunlin, 136 Knot, 48 Grey and 16 Ringed Plover, 16 Curlew, six Bar-tailed Godwit and two Sanderling present.

Storm Isha, despite being centred northwest of Ireland, kept the site blown out with just two Goldcrest and a Chiffchaff found in the bushes, seven Shoveler (five ♂ two ♀) on the ponds and a ♀ Pheasant in Greenland Lake.

Year list additions:

96. Golden Plover
97. Pheasant

Other Wildlife: The Grey Squirrel was in the Entrance Bushes and a Field Vole was in Greenland Lake.

Saturday 20 January 2024

Saturday 20th January

A 2h 45 minute seawatching from first light was particularly busy with all birds heading SW across the bay; totals included 1184 auks (estimate 65-75% Razorbill, 25-35% Guillemot), 285 Gannet, 111 Kittiwake, 43 Red-throated Diver, 40 Common Gull, with similar numbers in the estuary, 14 Fulmar and nine Common Scoter.

The regular juvenile Spoonbill flew in from up estuary and landed on Finger Point on high tide, with counts from the Bight including 1051 Dunlin, 156 Knot, 107 Grey and 11 Ringed Plover, 84 Bar-tailed Godwit, 82 Curlew and 12 Sanderling.

Other counts from the estuary included 294 Teal, 284 Dark and a Light-bellied Brent Geese, 100 Wigeon, 91 Shelduck, the nine Eider, five Red-breasted Merganser and the Avocet.

The land was quiet in the increasing wind with three Goldcrest in the bushes, the Cetti's Warbler in the brambles beside Back Path near Dead Dolphin Wood and four Shoveler on the Main Pond.

Sparrowhawk - Lee Collins

Year list addition:

95. Fulmar

Friday 19 January 2024

Friday 19th January

A visit concentrating on ring-reading before the Oystercatcher move north, saw the expected species in the estuary but two Spoonbill roosted on Finger Point with an Avocet in the Saltmarsh. 

Offshore 14 Red-throated Diver and three Pintail

Thursday 18 January 2024

Thursday 18th January

A post high tide visit saw many flocks of waders dispersing with the receding waters, however all usual species were in situ with the Spoonbill still on Finger Point. With a heavy frost a later and slightly warmer start found a Chiffchaff foraging amongst the Alexanders in the car park, a pair of Bullfinch in the bushes and the Cetti's Warbler calling at the frozen Main Pond.

Chiffchaff - Alan Keatley

Bullfinch - Alan Keatley

Other Wildlife: Many invertebrates seek shelter this time of year, including a few sac spiders Clubiona sp (probably C. terrestris) under bark and a ground bug Peritrechus geniculatus and the springtail Pogonognathellus longicornis behind a metal sign.

Peritrenchus geniculatus - Alan Keatley

The now resident Grey Squirrel was near the First Pond.

Grey Squirrel - Alan Keatley

Tuesday 16 January 2024

Tuesday 16th January

The Spoonbill again roosted on Finger Point with 168 Redshank, 120 Curlew, 40 Knot, 29 Bar-tailed Godwit, three Greenshank and the year's first Lapwing. Also around the Bight, 95 Shelduck and 38 Dark-bellied Brent Geese.

Dunlin - Dean Hall

Elsewhere 13 Great Crested Grebe were offshore, a Kestrel was in Greenland Lake and a Chiffchaff was in the reeds at the frozen Main Pond.

Kestrel - Dean Hall

Year list addition:

94. Lapwing

Other Wildlife: A Water Vole was under trees around the icy edge of the Main Pond and the first Buff-tailed Bumblebee of the year, a queen, was on the wing.

Buff-tailed Bumblebee - Alan Keatley

Monday 15 January 2024

Monday 15th January

A Goldeneye was again in Shutterton Creek, although surprisingly a ♂ not yesterday's ♀, the juvenile Spoonbill again roosted on Finger Point with 1991 Dunlin, 155 Knot, 128 Grey Plover and six Sanderling. Also in the estuary, 215 Dark-bellied Brent Geese, 209 Teal, 77 Shelduck, 48 Wigeon, six Eider and two Red-breasted Merganser

Offshore the other three Eider, 14 Great Crested Grebe,13+ Red-throated Diver flew in from E (again) at dawn to forage from Langstone Rock to Dawlish Bay, and a Pintail circled the bay.

Elsewhere the immature ♂ Dartford Warbler, last recorded on 18 Dec, showed well in Gorse beside the Back Path, three Siskin flew around site and then back to mainland, two pairs of Shoveler were on Main Pond and single Chiffchaff and Goldcrest in the bushes.

Year list addition:

93. Dartford Warbler

Sunday 14 January 2024

Sunday 14th January

The first Goldeneye of the winter, a ♀, was in Shutterton Creek with a ♀ Red-breasted Merganser and the year's first Kingfisher. High tide counts included c1920 Dunlin, 839 Oystercatcher, 182 Teal, 166 Bar-tailed Godwit, 153 Knot, 149 Grey and 26 Ringed Plover, 43 Turnstone and 39 Wigeon. Also in the estuary an adult Mediterranean Gull on Bull Hill and a sinensis Cormorant on Finger Point.

Offshore 22 Red-throated and a Great Northern Diver flew into Dawlish Bay during 1 hour seawatch early morning, with the nine Eider off Warren Point. 

Elsewhere three pairs of Shoveler were on the Main Pond with three Chiffchaff and two Goldcrest on site and single Buzzard and Rook overhead. 

Year list additions:

91. Goldeneye
92. Kingfisher
sinensis Cormorant

Saturday 13 January 2024

Saturday 13th January

The juvenile Spoonbill again roosted on Finger Point, with counts from the estuary at high tide including c2000 Dunlin, 261 Dark and a Pale-bellied Brent Geese, 208 Teal, 191 Curlew, 162 Redshank, 148 Grey and 19 Ringed Plover, 147 Bar-tailed Godwit, 120 Knot, 97 Shelduck, 50 Wigeon, 18 Sanderling, the nine Eider and a Red-breasted Merganser.

Elsewhere 15 Great Crested Grebe, three Red-throated and two Great Northern Diver were offshore, a Jack Snipe was in Greenland Lake, the Cetti's Warbler was calling from brambles near Dead Dolphin Wood, two pairs of Shoveler were on the Main Pond and 11 Long-tailed Tit were in an isolated willow on Warren Point.

Year list addition:

Pale-bellied Brent Goose

Other Wildlife: A Harbour Porpoise was offshore.

Friday 12 January 2024

Friday 12th January

Another large white heron was again the highlight with a juvenile Spoonbill roosting on Finger Point over high tide alongside 1171 Oystercatcher, 221 Curlew, 158 Bar-tailed Godwit and 23 Ringed Plover. Frequent visits from a Sparrowhawk interrupted Dunlin, Grey Plover and Knot counts.

Also in the estuary 240 Teal, 196 Dark-bellied Brent Geese, 88 Shelduck, 72 Redshank, 62 Wigeon, 38 Turnstone, nine Eider (seven ♀ & two imm ♂), three Great Northern Diver, a Red-breasted Merganser and an Avocet.

Elsewhere seven Red-throated Diver were offshore, five Shoveler (three ♂ & two ♀) on the Main Pond, a Buzzard perched in Dead Dolphin Wood, which flew W at lunchtime, a notable increase to nine Stonechat with 16 Long-tailed Tit and single Chiffchaff and Goldcrest in the bushes. 

Year list additions:

89. Spoonbill
90. Buzzard

Other Wildlife: The Grey Squirrel remains in the Entrance Bushes and a Weasel ran across Back Path.

Thursday 11 January 2024

Thursday 11th January

A morning visit timed with the low tide so no meaningful counts were possible from the estuary. The highlight was a Great White Egret heading north over to the estuary in the morning, with a Great Northern Diver in the estuary and four Eider off Warren Point.

Eider - Alan Keatley

Quiet on site in the cold with just five Long-tailed Tit and a Chiffchaff in the bushes, 17 Linnet in the Bight and two drake Shoveler and a Little Grebe on the partly frozen Main Pond.

Year list addition:

88. Great White Egret

Other Wildlife: Despite the cold temperature a few insects were making their first appearance of the year; on Alexanders in the carpark was a Spotted Meliscaeva M. auricollis. January records are not unusual for this hibernating hoverfly, but it could have picked a warmer day! Whereas for the other insect of note, a Grey Damsel Bug Himacerus major, winter records are most unusual. 

Spotted Meliscaeva - Alan Keatley

Neriene clathrata - Alan Keatley

Tuesday 9 January 2024

Tuesday 9th January

A Firecrest warmed up a cold day foraging in bramble along the Back Path, otherwise the bushes were quiet. A flock of 21 Skylark roaming between Warren Point and the Bight was the only notable passerine flock on site. The Main Pond is beginning to ice up, however two pairs of Shoveler remained.

It was a low tide visit and the estuary was devoid of small waders with just a few Curlew, Redshank and a lone Avocet remaining around the saltmarsh. 96 Shelduck were on the mudflats with 58 Teal and 37 Wigeon in Shutterton Creek.

The easterly wind produced, as usual, nothing on a choppy sea apart from one Great Crested Grebe and the eight Eider.

Year list addition:

87. Firecrest

Monday 8 January 2024

Monday 8th January

A cold, quiet day with the two Avocet still in the estuary with counts of 152 Teal, 112 Shelduck, 97 Curlew, 81 Wigeon, 61 Redshank, just 13 Dark-bellied Brent Geese and five Greenshank.

Elsewhere single Eider and Red-breasted Merganser offshore with 16 Long-tailed Tit, two Chiffchaff, a Goldcrest and a Siskin in the Entrance Bushes.

Sunday 7 January 2024

Sunday 7th January

Eight Eider and two Great Northern Diver remained close inshore with 14 Red-throated Diver, a few on sea, most as small flocks SW during the first hour. Also offshore 15 Great Crested Grebe, 15 Common Scoter, three Red-breasted Merganser and a Guillemot.

Despite increased floodwater the neap tide again saw many of the longer legged waders roost offsite but all expected species were present. Wader counts around the Bight were hampered by a ♂ Peregrine, but 130 Teal, 115 Shelduck, 41 Dark-bellied Brent Geese, 38 Turnstone, 22 Wigeon, eight Sanderling, five Greenshank and the two Avocet were present.

Elsewhere seven Pintail and a Skylark in off perhaps hinted at things to come, with 15 Cirl and a Reed Bunting on the Golf course; four Bullfinch, three Chiffchaff and three Goldcrest in the bushes and four Shoveler and two Water Rail at the Main Pond.

Year List additions
85. Collared Dove
86. Peregrine

Other Wildlife: The Grey Squirrel foraged precariously on Phragmites seeds over the Entrance Pond.

Saturday 6 January 2024

Saturday 6th January

Another calm day with a flat conditions offshore; on the sea, 19 Great Crested Grebe, eight Eider, five Red-throated and four Great Northern Diver, with six Red-throated Diver (included a flock of five) heading S. The highlight was a Purple Sandpiperheading NE across the bay towards Exmouth, late afternoon.

The two Avocet were still in the estuary with the expected waders and wildfowl over the neap tide, counts including 126 Shelduck, 61 Common Gull, four Greenshank, single Mediterranean Gull and Red-breasted Merganser with 12 Skylark and a Scandinavian Rock Pipit around the Bight.

Avocet - Dave Jewell

Elsewhere an increase to six Chiffchaff on site with nine Teal, two pairs of Shoveler and two Little Grebe at the Main Pond, and overhead two Jackdaw, two Rook and a Siskin.

Year list additions
81. Kestrel
82. Jackdaw
xx. Scandinavian Rock Pipit
83. Sparrowhawk
84. Purple Sandpiper

Other Wildlife: The Grey Squirrel remains in the Entrance Bushes, becoming the first January record for the Warren. 

Despite the low temperature, the sunshine saw insects nectaring in numbers on the flowering Alexanders including a Dock Bug, a couple of Common Dronefly Eristalis tenax and many Common Bluebottle Calliphora vicina.

Common Dronefly - Alan Keatley

Elsewhere a rarely recorded tiny shore fly - Limnellia quadrata was possibly the first record since September 1980. Also seen the leafhopper Euscelis incisus and the jumping spider Euophrys frontalis.

Limnellia quadrata - Alan Keatley

Friday 5 January 2024

Friday 5th January

A calm, dry day saw little passing offshore early morning aside from five Red-throated Diver SW, the flat conditions did see 16 Great Crested Grebe, three Great Northern Diver, five Eider and single Common Scoter and Razorbill close inshore.

Counts over the high tide included c1755 Dunlin, 177 Grey and 34 Ringed Plover, 111 Shelduck, 106 Knot, 91 Teal, 78 Dark-bellied Brent Geese, 53 Wigeon, 48 Redshank, 21 Sanderling, just 20 Bar-tailed Godwit, five Red-breasted Merganser, two Mediterranean Gull and in the saltmarsh, two Avocet. These the first since May last year, were no doubt shifted downriver by increased floodwaters at the top end of the estuary.

Elsewhere three single Rook flew SW, a pair of Raven, one carrying food from Warren Point was lost from view as it flew WSW over Cofton Ridge, the first Siskin of the year overhead, a Snipe was on Warren Point and three Chiffchaff, two Goldcrest and a pair of Bullfinch were in the bushes. 

Year list additions
74. Lesser Black-backed Gull
75. Razorbill
76. Avocet
77. Raven
78. Bullfinch
79. Common Scoter
80. Siskin

Other Wildlife: The first butterfly of the year was, as usual, a Red Admiral, this one sunning itself on Warren Point.

Wildlife Review 2023: Plants, Bryophytes, Lichens, Fungi & Algae


The BSBI New Year Plant hunt was held in mild weather but the December cold spell reduced surviving blooms, with 29 species in flower, after the record 46 in 2022. Common Ramping-fumitory Fumaria muralis was a new species for the Warren hunt, with Mediterranean Euphorbia characiasPetty E. peplus and Portland Spurge E. portlandica still in flower, plus typical performances from Daisy Bellis perrenis, Dandelion Taraxacum agg, Gorse Ulex europaeus, Ragwort Senecio jacobaea and Yarrow Achillea millefolium

Early Forget-me-not - Kevin Rylands

A total of 458 species were recorded during the year, (cf. 440 in 2022 & 438 in 2021), including five species and two hybrids new to the Recording Area flora, although four of these were non-natives; New Zealand Flax Phormium tenaxat least the tenth non-native plant species to have self seeded from the various plantings adjacent to the SAC, Many-flowered Rose Rosa multifloraArgentinian Vervain Verbena bonariensis and Forsythia F x intermedia.

The three natives were Fool's Parsley Aethusa cynapiumWild Mignonette Reseda lutea and the rare hybrid between Smooth Cat's-ear and Cat's-earHypochaeris x intermedia.

Wild Mignonette Kevin Rylands

A total of 16 plants were recorded for the first time in at least five years, several of which had not been noted for over a decade, including Cut-leaved Dead-nettle Lamium hybridum, Henbit Dead-nettle Lamium amplexicaule, Field Madder Sherardia arvensis and Hazel Corylus avellana.

Henbit - Kevin Rylands

Sand Crocus Romulea columnae first emerged on 25th Mar, three days later than 2022 but in much better numbers, despite the weather. Results of a full survey on Wildlife Trust land are awaited.

Sand Crocus (when cloudy) - Kevin Rylands

Populations of Mossy Stonecrop Crassula tillea around the Golf Course and Buffer Zone continued to expand, as did areas of Shepherd’s Cress Teesdalia nudicaulisSmith's Pepperwort Lepidium heterophyllum and Crosswort Galium cruciata

Crosswort - Kevin Rylands

As last year a late autumn repeat flowering of several species such Dogwood Cornus sanguinea and Bramble Rubus sp.. A Tomato Solanum lycopersicum plant growing amongst the exposed gabions was perhaps introduced by South West Water, but other strandline plants suffered from continued erosion with only two Sea Holly Eryngium maritimum left in the remaining Desert on Warren Point.

Green-winged Orchid Orchis morio had a good year, last year's plant on Warren Point flowered again, with three others appearing, along the Back Path, in the rough on the 7th hole and by the Main Pond, the 10-12th individual flowering plants on site.

Green-winged Orchid - Kevin Rylands

On Warren Point the small colony of Pyramidal Orchid Anacamptis pyramidalis climbed back to 17 flowering plants this year, with new plants in Greenland Lake and on the Dune Ridge, Southern Marsh Orchid Dactylorhiza praetermissa emerged on 7th May and but on a good display and Bee Orchid Ophrys apifera emerged on 1st June with over 20 spikes recorded.

Bee Orchid - Alan Keatley

The last orchids of the year, Marsh Helleborine Epipactis palustris and Autumn Ladies-tresses Spiranthes spiralis, were out in numbers across Greenland Lake, the latter in the thousands. The 2017 work on the beach aimed to return the 'lake' to a tidal creek, with the vast majority of these disappearing under the tide so enjoy them whilst you can.

Autumn Ladies-tresses - Alan Keatley

Dawlish Warren Flora

Mosses & Liverworts

The nationally rare liverworts Micheli's Balloonwort Sphaerocarpos michelii and Blue Crystalwort Riccia crystallina maintained their populations on bare areas around the Go-karts and car park. The Recording Area is one of two Devon locations, with the other just the mainland side of the Railway Tunnel. 

Micheli's Balloonwort Sphaerocarpos michelii and Blue Crystalwort Riccia crystallina - Kevin Rylands

Two of the 33 species recorded were new for the audit, Common Threadwort Cephaloziella divaricata, in the fixed dune on Warren Point and the widespread Creeping Feather-moss Amblystegium serpens.

Common Threadwort Cephaloziella divaricata being colonised by the lichen Diploschistes muscorum - Kevin Rylands


A total of 67 species were noted, with two new to the Recording Area, Peltigera praetextata, a dog-lichen and Toninia episema, a lichenicolous lichen growing on Aspicilia calcarea

Elsewhere several patches of the scarce dog-lichen Peltigera neckeri were found on the Dune Ridge, a more secure population than that still being lost at Warren Point.


A total of 194 species were recorded, 29 of which were new for the Recording Area, although the findings of the Devon Fungus Group mtg in November are not yet available, so further additions are anticipated.

Bay Triangle Coccomyces delta - Kevin Rylands

New species included Bay Triangle Coccomyces delta, also new for Devon, Grey Inkcap Coprinopsis cinerea, a Sycamore leaf spike Gnomonia cerastris, Allium Rust Puccinia porri, Granulated Cup Peziza granulosa, an orange disc Pyronema domesticum and on their unfortunate victims Entomophthora muscae and Beauveria bassiana

Entomophthora muscae on Scathophaga sp. - Kevin Rylands

Other records included Nectriopsis lecanodes on Langstone Rock, one of only four English sites, Collared Earthstar Geastrum triplex, Dune Cup Peziza ammophila and Gibberella gordonii on Spartina Ergot Claviceps purpurea var spartinae

Collared Earthstar Geastrum triplex - Alan Keatley


A total of 25 seaweeds were identified during the year, including three new for the Recording Area, taking the audit to 64 species. The new species were False Irish Moss Mastocarpus stellatus at Langstone Rock, Hen Pen Bryopsis plumosa on the strandline and Guiry's Wrack Fucus guiryi on the seaward end of the new groynes. 

Serrated Wrack Fucus serratus - Kevin Rylands